Thursday, November 28, 2019
On the Idle Hill and The Drum Paper War, in any shape or form, affects people in many different ways. Many people choose to express their feelings and experiences of war in poems. The two poems I have chosen all have different moods, structures and rhythms but their meaning is all the same- war is ruthless, terrifying and pointless. The poem On the Idle Hill is by A. E. Housman (1859-1936). Housman wrote the poem in 1896 and he was not writing about any particular war but just the horror of battle in general. Housman never partook in any war but heard about the terror of it from other peoples experiences. The first verse portrays a peaceful, happy and a warm scene. Words such as summer, sleepy and streams emphasises this. However, the steady drummer cuts through this peaceful atmosphere. It is the sound of the army coming, looking for new recruits to go to war with them. The first stanza seems to be about the drum and how it calls people to war and tears them away from their homes. The line; Drumming like a noise in dreams. Makes the drum seem like a nightmare, something everyone dreads. In the second verse, the tone is lot sadder and darker. The phrases, Far and near and low and louder are suggesting war is everywhere, and can be seen in different levels all over the world. Probably one of the most striking and powerful lines in the poem, Dear to friends and food for powder is very shocking and adds a more personal theme to the poem, because the soldiers are now being seen as friends, fathers and real people instead of just toys in war. The powder is gunpowder so the poet is hinting at the fact that the men are just food for the war. The war is made to sound like a real living thing; this is a good example of personification. We will write a custom essay sample on On the Idle Hill and The Drum specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on On the Idle Hill and The Drum specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on On the Idle Hill and The Drum specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The final line of verse two, Soldiers marching, all to die. is depressing and it emphasises the pointlessness and horror of war. The rhyme in On the Idle Hill is a b a b and it keeps a slow, steady rhythm throughout the poem, giving a sad, melancholy tone to the poem. The form is which the writer has set out the poem, in four verses; it is effective because each one talks about a different aspect of war. This poem shows A. E. Housmans hatred of battle and how pointless and ruthless he thinks it is. War has obviously affected him deeply and we can see from his language throughout the poem that he feels very strongly about it. In both poems, they both use similar devices such as similes, metaphors and personification. They were both set in the Pre 1914, the effectiveness of both poems have a very big impact because of these quotations: Lovely lads and dead and rotten; for the Idle Hill and for the Drum its this: And burning towns, and ruined swains, both poems show the misery of war and it impacts the reader making them, feel more sorry for the people that went to war and the people will think war is not patriotic but its unpatriotic. The cultural and social background for Drum and Idle Hill are between wars.
Monday, November 25, 2019
Coursework on Business Communications What do you think is the relationship between the medium and the message? In communication, there are different relations between the people who send the information and the ones who are bound to receive it. For the purpose of achieving the best communication strategies and for information to reach the recipients in time, there are various factors that should be upheld. These factors involve the sender, medium and the recipient. The sender is the source of information while the medium is the way through which the information goes by. The recipient is the person who is bound to receive the information eventually. There is a certain relationship between the medium and the message. The relationship is that the medium determines the delivery of the message. If there was no sort of relationship between the two, the information would end up being distorted and not reach the recipient in the original form. The medium through which the message is sent depends on the content and the type of message being sent. For a message that is very delicate, it should be sent through secure lines such as private mail and courier services. For a message that is needed urgently, the message cannot be sent through slow means of transportation such as road, however, it sent through methods such as air. The medium is hence related to the message as if it were not present; the message would not reach the recipient. What effect does a medium have on a message it carries? The medium has a general effect on the message it carries. This is due to the fact that it is the one that determines the form in which it is bound to reach the recipient. For substances like eggs and glass material, they are entirely delicate and should be treated in a soft way. If the medium through which the material is being transported is shaky or not strong, the eggs and glassware may be affected in that they may end up being broken. For material such as flowers, they are very fast in perishing. Due to this, they should be transported through a medium that is fast enough to reach its destination to avoid the effect of having withered flowers eventually. In what ways did images affect the impact the terrible events of 9/11 had on AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s society and culture? On the 9th of September in the year 2001, the United States was hit by one of the largest terrorist groups in the world. The effect of the attack was the massive life loss in the country and the associated emotional breakdown of the people. The attack was characterized by a lot of bloodshed and wreckage all over the scene. For such delicate news, the information was bound to be portrayed to the people of the United States. With the advanced levels of technology in the world and the United States, almost every home in the country has access to digital technology. This is where in the comfort of their households; they are able to view news of what is happening all over the world. In the events of 2001, the information spread fast not only in the United States but in the whole wide world. The people were informed of the news through television. In the television, there were reporters of different stations at the sites of the disasters. They were able to transmit videos of the areas where there was a lot of bloodshed and debris. People were affected by these and became widely and openly emotional. The society in general got a general fear of the terrorists and became insecure. It is hence imperative to acknowledge that the medium through which certain information is dismayed influences the recipient to act in a certain manner. Moreover, the medium has an effect on the message in that the message may be perceived differently with different levels of seriousness depending on the medium used to pass it.
Thursday, November 21, 2019
A Critical Review of the Use of Dogs in the US Army During the WWII - Essay Example In the past, the main of role of trained dogs was that that of sentries or patrols. But in modern warfare, dogs had been used the most tactfully. Though in post modern warfare, dogsÃ¢â¬â¢ role has mostly been replaced by modern technology, they played a crucial role in the US Army during the Second World War (Blumenstock pars. 2). After the attack on Pearl Harbor Navy Base in December 7, 1941, the US Army led a campaign to inspire the pet-owners to donate their dogs to the army-training camps. The US Army named this campaign as Ã¢â¬Å"Dogs for DefenseÃ¢â¬ . In order to inspire the owner, they further claimed that the dogs would be trained to be accustomed into civil life after the war. Indeed, it was the beginning of the dog-squad in the US military. Subsequently, martial dog training programs were adopted and, in the meantime, a number of dog-training centers were established to facilitate the programs around the country (MWD History, pars. 2). Some of the dog-training centers w ere Gulfport, Fort Carson, Rimini, San Carlos, Fort Washington, Fort Riley, Fort Belvoir, Fort Robinson, Nebraska Camp, Beltsville, etc. During the Second World War, the US Army used dog to perform a number of risky as well as routine jobs. According to the types of breed and performance, the dogs were to be sled dogs, sentry, scouts, mine-detecting dogs, wire-layer, pack-pullers, and messenger dogs. The military training of a dog used to take 8-12 week to be fully trained. By late 1944, the Army selected about seven breeds of dogs to receive the highest performances in war-fields. Among these breeds were German Shepherd, Doberman Pinscher, Collie, Belgian Sheep dog, Eskimo, Alaskan Malamute, Siberian Husky, etc. During the Second World War, the German Shepherd was the most preferred choice in the army because of its courage, strong sense of responsibility, keen nose, strength, adaptability and trainability. Doberman Pinscher was second to German Shepherd in terms of strength, nervo us power, speed, sensing power, and tractability. Collie and Belgian Sheep dogs were mainly used as messengers for their loyalty, alertness, endurance and agility. Muscular and sturdy breeds were generally used for pack-pull and wire-laying jobs. Alaskan Malamute, Eskimo and Siberian Husky belonged to this group. Among these three breeds, Siberian Husky was the most desired type because of their speed and endurance. During the war, the US dog-squadÃ¢â¬â¢s performance was surprising (Blumenstock pars. 2-4). Due to their high sensibility, loyalty and alertness, the military dogs were the preferred options for the soldiers in many war fields. There were many fields where dogs were more skillful performers than the soldiers. During the WWII, the war-theater-wise performance of the US military dogs was great. The dogs showed great performances mainly in two theaters: the pacific theater and the European theater. In 1944, under the command of William W. Putney, the Ã¢â¬Å"3rd Marine War Dog PlatoonÃ¢â¬ played a crucial role in the liberation of Guam from the Japanese occupation. According to the MWD, approved and led by the US Congress, Ã¢â¬Å"Twenty-five of Lieutenant Putney's war dogs gave their lives in the liberation of Guam and were buried there in a War Dog Cemetery with name markersÃ¢â¬ (MWD History, pars. 2). In the war-field of Guam, the Doberman Pincers breed showed a great performance in guarding and scouting along the frontline of the war. Evading the enemiesÃ¢â¬â¢ eye, they successfully worked as messengers between the US camps. Several of the success stories are as following: In February 17, 1945, a war-dog called Bruce saved two wounded soldiers from the attack of three Japanese infantrymen. During the nocturnal
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
INTERNATIONAL LAW - Essay Example itory. Under this conception, self-determination goes beyond the rights of distinctive territorial communities to choose their own government and independence; it is a right of self-government for all peoples. Noteworthy is Principle VIII of the Helsinki Accord of 1975, which reads as follows: Ã¢â¬Å"By virtue of the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, all peoples have the right, in full freedom, to determine, when and as they wish, their internal and external political status, without external interference, and to pursue as they wish their political, economic, social and cultural development.Ã¢â¬ It must said, however, that a too-radical interpretation of this provision should not be countenanced. There must be no disruption of the territorial integrity of states, and the principle must not be used as a blanket sanction for secession. Many legal thinkers posit, however, that this is not inconsistent with the recognition of internal free choice. (Henkin, 2 83.) The right of self-determination is important in light of the case of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. This paper will discuss the importance of the case of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in the context of the opinions of the Badinter Committee. Background In August of 1991, The European Community formed the Badinter Committee which would arbitrate legal issues arising from the conflicts in Yugoslavia, in light of the cessation of the Republics of Croatia, Macedonia and Slovenia. The chosen chair of the committee was Mr Robert Badinter, President of the French Constitutional Council, and his panel included the Presidents of the German and Italian Constitutional Courts, the Belgian Court of Arbitration and the Spanish Constitutional Tribunal. A good and concise summary is provided by Pellet (1991: 178-179): The primary Serbian question concerned the right of the Serbian populations in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina to self-determination. The second deal t with the delimitation of internal borders, in other words the identification of frontiers between the Republics. Although the Committee gave two distinct opinions in response to the questions posed, it was made clear that these two questions, as well as the queries addressed in its first Opinion, delivered on the 29th of November 1991, were closely related to each other. In its November Opinion, although the Committee displayed little originality in observing that Yugoslavia was 'engaged in a process of dissolution', it made interesting considerations. Discussion Whilst there were many critics, it is important to look at the difficult context on which it is set. Post-reconstruction efforts in a region that was as divided ethnically as Yugoslavia need to include clear-cut and streamlined efforts to address horizontal inequalities Ã¢â¬â defined by Stewart (2009: 137) as Ã¢â¬Å"inequalities among groups with shared identities Ã¢â¬â identities formed by religion, ethnic ties or racial affiliations, or other
Monday, November 18, 2019
- How Cheesecake Factory extend the overseas' market in China - Research Proposal Example This research proposal focuses on the process of business expansion adopted by American Bakery firm The Cheesecake Factory. The study will mainly reflect on the overseas activities of The Cheesecake Factory in China and the aspects related to the business expansion process. The Cheesecake Factory was established in the year 1975 by Oscar and Evelyn Overton. Initially, it began as a small shop in Detroit and was converted to a cheesecake supplier for the local restaurants (The Cheesecake Factory, 2014). Later on the business was shifted to Los Angles where the suppliers were the given the form of a restaurant 1978 by David Overton. This was the first Cheesecake Factory Restaurant. The initial strategy of The Cheesecake Factory Restaurants was to provide the customers with ultimate dining experience (The Cheesecake Factory, 2014). Presently The Cheesecake Factory is operating with more than 175 restaurants out of which 165 are being operated under its own brand, while 13 restaurants are being operated by Grand Lux CafÃ © and one by The Rocksugar Pan (The Cheesecake Factory, 2014). The international expansion process of The Cheesecake Factory began in the 2011 as they expanded into the Middle East by partnering with M.H. Alshaya Co in Kuwait (The Cheesec ake Factory, 2014). This marked the beginning of a new business role for the firm as they started catering their services to the global consumers. In 2013, they extended to the Caribbean by opening a Cheesecake Factory Restaurant in Puerto Rico (The Cheesecake Factory, 2014). Recently, the company has started focusing on the Asian markets for enhancing the scope of growth and development of the firm. The aim of the research is to assess the process of business operations by The Cheesecake Factory in the Chinese market. The study will reflect the various factors that influence the process
Friday, November 15, 2019
Regulation of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Using Osteopathy as an example, describe and critically evaluate the ways in which the organisation and regulation of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) in the UK provides safeguards for users. The provision of CAMs in the UK is historically both a component of healthcare services and viewed with suspicion by the dominant medical model of healthcare which has characterised the NHS since its inception in 1948. The kinds of CAMs which are included under the aegis of NHS provision have been restricted, to, for example, homeopathy and osteopathy (Nicholls, in Lee-Treweek et al, ). Such provision is typically regulated and monitored in ways that a wide range of other therapies which come under the same umbrella are not. This essay explores the ways in which this organisation and regulation can provide service users with the same kinds of safeguards that other NHS services have always provided. This kind of regulation, such as that provided by the professional bodies of Nursing (the Nursing and Midwifery Council) and Medicine (The General Medical Council, is a valuable means of ensuring the highest quality of care provision by ensuring only properly trained practitioners are allo wed to practice, whilst at the same time holding practitioners accountable for their practice. Patient feedback and other studies has demonstrated that the provision of CAMs within NHS care provides valuable treatment and support for patients with complex medical conditions. This is a symptom what Heller et al (2005) describe as the Ã¢â¬Ëlate modernityÃ¢â¬â¢ of healthcare in the preesent context, characterised by increasing diversification (which is often not recognised by the dominant medical authority of the NHS).Rigorous randomised controlled trials, the gold standard for the provision of evidence for medical care, have demonstrated that CAMs are effective, yet the Medical model of care still does not always allow for the value of such treatments, and they are treated as Ã¢â¬ËfringeÃ¢â¬â¢ medicine. Because of this, and because of the general standards of regulation and surveillance of medical care, very few complementary therapies are provided as a matter of course within the NHS, despite some therapies, such as Homeopathy, having a history of regulation and care pr ovision going back to 1844 (Nicholls in in Lee-Treweek et al). The training of CAM practitioners has also changed, with a more rigorous training process which reflects professional education processes and principles, and some standardisation (though not national standardisation) of education and standards. However, one therapy which is provided in this context is osteopathy. The changing face of medicine has both served the inclusion of CAMs within the NHS and served to bring about regulation by aligning the training and provision of such therapies with the principles which have governed medicine and medical practice in the UK (Heller et al, 2005). The concept of health has also evolved (Cant, in in Lee-Treweek et al; Heller et al, 2005). This has led to the emergence of integrative medicine, in which CAM practitioners work in conjunction with multi-disciplinary healthcare teams which manage patient care in an holistic and comprehensive manner (Cant, in Lee-Treweek et al). Obviously, this is the ideal from the point of view of the service user, because the hitherto unchallenged medical model of health has been replaced by a growing understanding of the complex nature of health and illness and the similarly complex responses required from those charged with promoting health and treating illness, disease and injury (Cant, in Lee-Treweek et al). However, th is has had what some view as a negative effect on CAM provision. As Heller et al (2005) state, Ã¢â¬Å"the growth of Ã¢â¬Ëintegrative medicineÃ¢â¬â¢ represents an undermining of counter-cultural values, as more holistic paradigms based on challenging orthodox biomedical or Ã¢â¬ËscientificÃ¢â¬â¢ theories may become displaced proximity to the dominant biomedical systemsÃ¢â¬ (P xiii). Another issue is that as CAMs become more prevalent within Ã¢â¬ËnormalÃ¢â¬â¢ medicine and health, medical and nursing staff who are asked to advise on these therapies may not have been able to maintain current knowledge of the evidence about these therapies (Heller et al, 2005). One of the potential benefits of this influence, however, is that of ensuring patient safety. Heller et al (2005) state clearly that patients must make informed choices about such therapies, and should be able to have the information to evaluate the safety of the practitioner and the therapy. This is evident in the ways in which most people access CAMs, through private practice, through seeking out treatment and evaluating which practitioners of which therapies to access (Heller et al, 2005). However, there is such a diversity amongst many practitioners of sources of training and regulation that for many therapists, having a certificate of membership of a Ã¢â¬ËprofessionalÃ¢â¬â¢ organisation is no guarantee of quality or of redress should the service user be dissatisfied with or harmed by the therapy provided. The author has anecdotal evidence of discussions with medical doctors who believe that CAMs practitioners are dangerous, poorly regulated, and represent a danger to the pub lic by preventing sick people accessing or utilising medical healthcare services. This is a rather limited view, but one which signifies certain areas of public opinion, which in turn reflects the ways in which many therapies have not been regulated, evaluated through rigorous testing, or been subject to the same kinds of quality control and surveillance as conventional medicine. Osteopathy, however, is regulated by Acts of Parliament in a similar fashion to medicine, nursing and allied healthcare professionals, and is described as one of the Ã¢â¬Ëbig fiveÃ¢â¬â¢ of the CAMs, which have a better reputation and standing within conventional medicine (Heller et al, 2005). It is this regulation which is supposed to protect patient safety and safeguard the interests of service users, but it also serves other purposes. Stone (1996) argues that regulation is not merited by the majority of therapies and would be inappropriate for therapies which are too different from medicine. Regulation ensures that the profession itself has a better professional status, that all its practitioners are trained in a similar manner, and provides support, guidance and legal support to practitioners. This suggests an increased level of responsibility and accountability, because professional bodies maintain agreed and defined standards. Therefore, in terms of informed choice, any serv ice user can be assured that any practicing osteopath is subject to the same standard of training and the same regulation, and so should be Ã¢â¬ËsafeÃ¢â¬â¢ to access, much in the same way as medical care is accessed. Thus regulation may safeguard patient safety by being required to formally adhere to ethical principles. Heller et al (2005) describe the requirements of professional ethical practice as: Ã¢â¬Å"a duty to tell the truth; a duty to act honestly and fairly; a duty to respect peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s wishes, and not to treat people as a means to an end, but as individuals with rights; a duty not to harm people;Ã¢â¬ ¦[and the right] not to be harmed [and] not to be lied to.Ã¢â¬ (p 85). While these may be considered general human rights they are augmented by principles which are generally agreed to underpin healthcare, including the principles of beneficence and non-maleficence (Heller et al, 2005). It could be argued that no therapy should be provided, therefore, which does not have proven benefits to the patient, and is proven to do no harm to the patient. Professional regulation may serve this purpose, because it professionalises the therapy and demands acceptable standards of evidence to demonstrate these features. But only therapies which can provide this standard of evidence would be regulated (Stone, 1996) which could have detrimental effects on the status and reputation of more esoteric therapies which cannot be subject to the kinds of evidence that underpins medicine. Voluntary regulation may be the answer: Ã¢â¬Å"Consumers will best be protected by a dynamic, ethics-led approach to voluntary self-regulation in which high standards of practice together with visible and effective disciplinary procedures are given higher prominence than the pursuit of professional status (Stone, 1996 p 1493). In conclusion, this author believes that regulation, either statutory or voluntary, holds practitioners accountable and serves the interest of consumers by demonstrating that those providing CAMs are at the least educated to some kind of agreed standard, and by offering consumers a means of redress should they be dissatisfied with their treatment. However, only statutory regulation would give proper redress, but in the current legal context, there is so much legislation protecting the interests and rights of consumers of goods and services that there is plenty of room for redress through other means. Only statutory regulation could offer assurances of safety, but this is not suitable for all therapies (Stone, 1996). References Heller, T., Lee-Treweek, G., Katz, J. et al (2005) (eds). Perspectives on complementary and alternative medicine. Milton Keynes: Open University Press/Routledge. Stone, J. (1996) Regulating complementary medicine: standards, not status. BMJ 312 1492-1493.
Wednesday, November 13, 2019
1984 is a story about dictators who are in complete control of a large part of the world after the Allies lost in World War II. The government in this novel gives no freedoms to its citizens. They live in fear because they are afraid of having bad thoughts about the government of Oceania, a crime punishable by death. Winston the main character, is an ordinary man of 39 who is disgusted with the world he lives in. He works in the Ministry of Truth, a place where history and the truth is rewritten to fit the party's beliefs. The facts--significant and insignificant are rewritten, they thoroughly destroy the records of the past, and they print up new, up to-date editions of old newspapers and books Their goal is to make people forget everything- facts, words, dead people, the names of places. People guilty of crimes (free thought) are erased from having ever existed. The Ministry of Truth allowed the controling powers to have control over its citizens using memory erasing techniques (c cognitive psychology). Winston is aware of the untruths, because he makes them true. This makes him very upset with the government of Oceania, where Big Brother, a larger than life figure, controls the people. Big Brother is the figurehead of a government that has total control. The Big Brother regime uses propaganda and puts fear in its citizens to keep the general population in line. Big Brother has a army of informers called thought police, who watch every citizen at all times for the least signs of thought that the goverment would not agree with(a thought crime). His dissatisfaction increases to a point where he rebels against the government in small ways. Winston's first act of rebellion is buying and writing in a diary. This act is known as a thought crime and is punishable by death. Winston starts writing in a diary so he can difereniate between what has actually occured and what he is being programmed to believe. The other reason for the diary is so that people in the future will be able to read what really went on during Winston's time. Winston commits many thought crimes and becomes paranoid about being caught. Meanwhile he notices a young woman paying him a great deal of attention, she is actively involved in many community groups and he feared that she had something to do with the thought police.