Tuesday, May 19, 2020
I could hear the sound of something creaking off into the distance. Someone was climbing up the stairs, dragging their feet. Soon after, I heard a knock on my bedroom door. Reluctantly, I pushed myself off of my bed and opened the door. It was my mother, holding a package in her hands. Informing me that it was mine, she handed it to me and walked back down the stairs. Hastily, I opened the seal, excited to see its content. It was this package that contained the acceptance letter that started my journey here at the University of Oklahoma. When I arrived at the University of Oklahoma, I was unsure what to expect in an academic setting. I had so many questions about classmates, professors, and the different terms that were unfamiliar to me. However, after experiencing several discussion sections of varying classes, I developed a better understanding of how language played a role in academics. Although I knew various things about language, it was not until I took English Composition that I was fully able to understand the significance that language plays in education. Because of my experiences at the University of Oklahoma, I now comprehend that, in an academic setting, patience and professionalism are all necessary forms of language that must be used through various interactions in order to fully grasp elements of education that are not written inside of textbooks. With an apprehensive approach, I stepped into my very first discussion section for my Introduction to BusinessShow MoreRelatedHow Does Language Affect The University Of Oklahoma?859 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Hi, Nick! This is Shepard with the University of Oklahoma and I was just giving you a callÃ¢â¬âI wanted to first congratulate you. WeÃ¢â¬â¢re going to be sending you a contract offer of admissions.Ã¢â¬ (Shepard). It was this voicemail that started my journey here at the University of Oklahoma. When I arrived at the University of Oklahoma, I was unsure what to expect in an academic setting. However, after experiencing several discussion sections of varying classes, I developed a better understanding of how languageRead MoreReflection Paper On Surgeon905 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesof being a husband, father of eight, coach, team doctor, chief of surgery, Bariatric surgeon, and finally a trauma surgeon. Dr. Katsis graduated from Oral Roberts University and then went on to attend medical school at the University of Nebraska. After obtaining his Medical Doctorate in 1993, he went to the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences for an internship, before doing his residency at St. Francis Hospital in Tulsa, OK. It was at St. Francis that Dr. Katsis obtained his board certificationRead MoreMy First My Appointment I Essay1027 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSince I can remember I have always wanted to be an orthodontist. Orthodontist use many different techniques to straighten out teeth. When I went to my first orthodontist appointment I was beyond excited. I was so interested in seeing how they used all of the different tools and equipment. Soon enough I will be called Dr. Danica Brackett D.D.S. (Ã¢â¬Å"Orthodontist :: Job DescriptionÃ¢â¬ ). Orthodontist have wonderful work environments, unique daily routines, terrific pay, a great future in the work industryRead MoreBenefits Of Being A Radio logist1146 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswhen I am talking directly to a person in front of me but when I am writing an email I donÃ¢â¬â¢t seem to describe things in as much detail as I should. One of the ways to work on this is to ask myself the five WÃ¢â¬â¢s (Who, What, When, Where, Why) when writing my email to someone. To become a radiologist one of the first steps that you must take is to attend college and obtain a bachelor degree in biology or physics. After that, you must take the MCAT and get a good score. Remember that medical school is highlyRead MoreHistory: The Indian Removal Act Essay1108 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesover their territory. Unfortunately, because they are not under the laws of the constitution, the IndianÃ¢â¬â¢s right to court was denied. It was not until 1835 that the Cherokee finally agreed to sign the treaty, giving up their Georgia land for that of Oklahoma. In the same year, President Jackson wrote his seventh annual letter to congress. In the letter, all attempts to improve upon the Indians have failed. Therefore, they must be removed from the part of society that is civilized. Jackson goes on toRead More Moving as a Child Essays999 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMoving as a Child Some things in life are just meant to happen. Fate brought me to the seat I am sitting at, in this university, miles and miles from where I was born. I never thought I would move. The idea was inconceivable for an eight-year-old girl. Life was an endless cycle of days spent chasing butterflies, catching ladybugs, and blowing apart dandelions while nights were full of stars, crickets, and peace. I have learned since that moment that fate has a different idea in mindRead MoreLearning Bharatnatyam, An Indian Classical Dance Form858 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAs the music began, I started to move; the pounding of my feet blending in with the melodious sounds of the flute, the ghungaroo(bells) around my ankles, the mridangham (drums), and the blood rushing into my own heart. With the music and my first movements, the fear of being on stage washes away and I am focused on my movements and my expressionsÃ¢â¬âusing them to tell a story about my culture, my heritage, and me. Learning Bharatnatyam, an Indian classical dance form, since the age of 5 has taughtRead MoreGarth Brooks Essay742 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagescountry singer of all time. He was born in Tulsa, Oklahoma on February 7, 1962. He was raised in the small town of Yukon with country music in his blood. He was the youngest child in his family that consisted of six children. His Mother, Colleen Carroll, was a Professional country singer while she raised Garth and his five other siblings with her husband, Troyal Carroll. Troyal worked as a engineer for Unocal, an oil company located outside of Oklahoma. (Book, garth brooks) He played guitar and taughtRead MoreMy Experience At The University Of Oklahoma1363 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesmeaningless. In my mind, hard work is throwing yourself into difficult situations and remaining both dedicated and determined to conquer the task. Although the desired outcome is not always reached, hard work remains an important value that allows us to show our full potenti al. I have been constantly put in tough situations throughout my life and if it were not for my dedication and hard work, I would not have made it to where I am today. Being enrolled at the University of Oklahoma is a huge accomplishmentRead MoreReflection Of A Night Nursing Program Essay1664 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesfeel absolutely overwhelming and much like a sacrifice. Some will say keep your eye on the prize, just keep going and offer numerous other words of encouragement. Though for some students, particularly in the area of nursing, a choice to endure the journey can feel like quite the road block. Completing prerequisites alone can feel like tackling the biggest mountain for the student. After accomplishing the prerequisites, the student learns that the time has come to apply to the nursing program. Nursing
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
It should be legal for patients suffering painful, incurable diseases to choose to have a physician assisted death. People die every day in the United States of long term illness, often while suffering massive amounts of pain and with extended hospital stays. According to the American Cancer Society in 2015 approximately sixteen hundred people died every day from cancer. Of those sixteen hundred people dying from cancer eighty percent died in the hospital, which can cost up to $10,000.00 to maintain a person in the Intensive Care Unit. Everyone may not opt to have a physician assisted death, but the choice should be there. Basic human rights are reason enough to legalize physician assisted death, however, by far not the only reason.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦It is inhuman to continually allow a person to suffer when there is no chance of them improving. Even animals are put out of their misery when injured or sick beyond repair as to not prolong the suffering, humans should be a llowed that same option. Long term pain can severely affect a person, sometimes causing the patient to be mad and hateful without meaning to . Giving a person a choice to end their life while they still hold on to the personality they have always had is not for the government but for the patient. A dying person should not be tortured in the process unless they choose to be. Terminating ones life to escape from excruciating pain is an excellent reason to legalize Euthanasia. Perhaps the most import reason to legalize physician assisted suicide is for control, both for the patient and the doctor. Patients can gain control in an otherwise uncontrollable situation by allowing them to have the choice of when the stop fighting the illness, who they have by their side in the final moments and permitting them to make organ donation possible after death. In a controlled environment it is possible to allow a patient to opt for organ donation as they do in some countries already after being assisted to die. Feeling like their life and death has some meaning or purpose comforts a lot of dying patients. The controlled atmosphere can allow for theShow MoreRelatedEssay On Physician Assisted Death1340 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagespatients in the United States waiting for the day that they will succumb to death.Ã¢â¬ Some are bed ridden, some are constantly consumed with systemic pain, some have no strength or desire to get out of bed and so they wait. They wait because they live in a state that says they do not have the right to die. Those who are healthy argue that it is immoral, ungodly and unethical for a medical doctor to practice physician assisted death. Government should not prohibit when and how terminally ill patients endRead MoreThe Ethics of Physician Assisted Death Essay3144 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pagesaware of the medical predicaments that a physician would ultimately face while practicing medicine. Today, the oath has become an ethical code for the physicians to uphold and apply in their profession. Why is this phrase important enough to be included in this document? Some view this passage as the code that prohibits physicians from lending their abilities for the executions of prisoners. Others believe that his passage was written to prevent physicians from using their knowledge for murders. HoweverRead More The Death With Dignity Act and Physician Assisted Suicide Essay1312 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Death With Dignity Act and Physician Assis ted Suicide Introduction According to the American Medical Association (1996), physician-assisted suicide (PAS) occurs when a physician facilitates a patientÃ¢â¬â¢s death by providing either the means or the information necessary to aid in the patient performing the life-ending act. PAS has had a long and controversial history dating back to the ancient Greeks and Romans. They believed that there was no reason to prolong life if continued pain and sufferingRead MoreWe Should Have Physician-Assisted Death Essay examples1515 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagessuffering? Ã¢â¬Å"Physician-assisted death is defined as the physician providing the means for death, most often with a prescription. The patient not the physician will ultimately administer the lethal medicationÃ¢â¬ (Braddock Tonelli, 1998) To better explain physician-assisted suicide, a situation in which a patient kills him-or herself, using means which have been supplied by the physician, with the physician being aware that the patient will use those means for the purposes of suicide. Physicians are trainedRead MoreEssay On The Relationship Between Party Id And Ideology On Physician Assisted Death866 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesTo test the relationship between party id and ideology on physician assisted death I run two regressions using the statistical software SPSS. The survey data that is utilized comes from the Harris 2005 Public Opinion Survey Data. This survey is used because it is the only survey that I could find which conducted interviews with people nationwide. It is also utilized because it was the survey which had the most recent data available. This data was obtained from the ODUM Institute which is housed atRead MoreEssay about Legalizing Physician Assisted Suicide1074 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesFor hundreds of years we have developed a system where human beings establish and revise rules and regulations that help protect individual lives in our society. However this protection ends when it is time to die. Legalizing physician ass isted suicide is Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s my life!Ã¢â¬ an expression that is commonly used at one point in most everyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s life. Is it my life? Do I get to make all the choices that involve my life? More importantly, who is in charge of my body? Ultimately human beings believeRead MoreThe Ethics of Euthanasia Essay1742 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageshis misery, however in the state of North Carolina, physician-assisted suicide is illegal. Luckily, her father passed away this year and is finally free of pain and suffering. However, if physician-assisted suicide was legal, her father would not have had to suffer as long as he did. Before we explore the sides of physician-assisted suicide, letÃ¢â¬â¢s go over exactly what physician-assisted suicide entails. When the topic of physician-assisted suicide comes up, many individuals believe it is theRead More Physician-Assisted Suicide is Morally and Ethically Acceptable1160 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Ã Ã Ã The long time debate over medically assisted suicide, the presence of a doctor at a patientÃ¢â¬â¢s suicide, resurfaced again with the conviction of doctor Jack Kevorkian.Ã Kevorkian was convicted of second degree murder when he euthanized, or administered the injection himself, Thomas Youk on September 17, 1998.Ã Dr. Kevorkian, an advocate and practitioner of medically assisted suicides, has many opponents on the issue. Opponents say that it is unethical and even with the consent of the patientRead MorePhysician Assisted Suicide Should Be Legalized1181 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesbut still enduring the pain because it would be illegal to kill you. A survey taken in the United States has shown that 54% agree to physician assisted suicide or euthanasia. Euthanasia preserves rights of an individual, brings an end to the pain, and provides death with dignity. Even though others may disagree and say that its religiously incorrect, physician assisted suicide should be legali zed. In the United States, we have certain human rights and that includes the right to choose to endRead MoreSince The Fifteen Century, Society Has Viewed Suicide Or1178 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSince the fifteen century, society has viewed suicide or intentional death as immoral. It was not until the twentieth century that these Ã¢â¬Å"immoralÃ¢â¬ attitudes were challenged. As of 2016, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, and Colombia have unambiguously legalized direct assisted dying. Other areas, having to undergo a process of either a judicial or legislative decision, include Canada, Japan, and Germany. Currently in the United States, following the same process of a judicial or legislative processes
1. Client and Brand Description: Wonder Bread is the client. In Canada. it is manufactured by Weston Bakeries. Wonder Bread Classic White is the specific trade name that has been chosen for this assignment. Arguably the most known chopped staff of life trade name in North America. a basic in the history of breakfast. tiffin and dinner. Now keeping a significantly weaker market portion in the universe of staff of life since running afoul of assorted authorities organisations that look after wellness concerns and false advertisement for doing false claims. The outgrowth of healthy life. brown staff of life and the foodie revolution are other lending forces that have weakened the one time powerful merchandise. The company web site and merchandise packaging show a clump of colorful balloons as the logo and an overall happy expression drawing your attending off from other shelved merchandises sitting following to the Wonder Bread Classic White. 2. The mark: Work force with newfound independency. chiefly including: Students. unmarried mans. grass widows and married work forces on societal male escapades non affecting Wifes.The Target stems from either antecedently non being permitted to hold white staff of life turning up or holding a nostalgic memory of ever holding it in the place. Our mark:* Has late moved out on his ain* Has late experienced divorce. a interruption up or some signifier of new independency * Is the dominant determination shaper in the family* Enjoys doing his ain determinations when partner is off or when she is unable to act upon the purchase * Weighs more value on comfy gustatory sensation as opposed to wellness * Is non needfully hapless to the extent that 15 % is a factor when doing a $ 2. 00 purchase * Appreciates Ã¢â¬Å"macho maleÃ¢â¬ type wit * Enjoys Hollywood action and comedy movies* Does non desire to be troubled with the irritation of elaborate monetary value and ingredient comparings * Privations to be perceived as cool and/or a hero amongst cat friends On the surface it appears that Wonder bread classicÃ¢â¬â¢s mark is a Mother looking to delight her kids. Diging deeper we discovered that many shoppers remember eating it as a kid ; now on occasion buy white staff of life from clip to clip as a comfort nutrient. However bread incorporating more nutritionary value is what they largely buy due to the common perceived cognition that white staff of life is non merely free of any nutrition. but besides really bad for you. Additionally the white staff of life they chose is either the private label trade name or white staff of life claiming to hold added nutritionary value. Further along our research one of the repeating purchasers is what seemed to us as the lower income category white households. Choosing to set the private label white staff of life in their carts or merely the white staff of life that is on sale. Generally these clients answered explicating that they merely do non like the gustatory sensation of brown and whole wheat and neither do their kids or hubbies. It was during one of our escapades to Wal-Mart where it truly came to us. Detecting a building worker type of character walking down the isle with his household as they approach the bread subdivision. He looks at his married woman with a smile and separates himself from the battalion and makes his move. To her disapproval. clearly indicated by her organic structure linguistic communication. he smiles and catch two Wonder Bread Classic loaves and drops them in the cart! That is when it began to happen to us that it is possible that most work forces with any type of Ã¢â¬Å"manly manÃ¢â ¬ deep down interior of them are in fact one the existent marks! Our marks include college pupils and people with newfound independency looking to arise. Under most fortunes. they buy it as a consequence of being deprived of it at place along with other Ã¢â¬Å"forbiddenÃ¢â¬ bite nutrients and cereals with a high sum of sugar. Work force of all types ( some embarrassed to acknowledge it ) . more so unmarried mans. but married work forces as good buy it when off from partner or when there is an unfastened chance. Womans are besides purchasers nevertheless it is non as frequent and they by and large do it to attach to nostalgic Americana comfort nutrients as do a wide assortment of individual types. Peoples who sneak off to hold a coffin nail are the same people who will mouse a loaf of white staff of life. For the same ground that a individual will hold a Twinkie. they will eat white staff of life. The mark will set sugar in his cereal. hold a beer and in no manner be concerned about the Calories and purchase a large mac from McDonalds because it tastes good. They indulge and do non really care about the nutrition. They want comfort. White bread gustatory sensations good ; there is something about it that the mark loves. It makes great authoritative American sandwiches: grilled cheese. nine. peanut butter and jam. In a few treatments it was discovered that half the people who purchase white staff of life now neer ate in their ain families turning up. The lone clip they would devour is was when eating at friendsÃ¢â¬â¢ places and they would see it in other kidsÃ¢â¬â¢ school tiffins. In this instance white staff of life was the large shiny ruddy button that your parents told you non to touch and one time you where set free from the nest the first thing you did was imperativeness that button. You smoked coffin nails and pot in your flat. ordered pizza. ate white staff of life and pizza pockets and merely did whatever you had wanted to make for old ages. Finally. the large ruddy glistening button wears down and deadening and you move in with your girlfriend and you grow upÃ¢â¬ ¦ The frequence of the purchase slows down but the want neer goes off. The other half have ever had white staff of life. they grew up with it and there was nil incorrect with it. The household had maize out of a can and chiefly used the microwave. fruit axial rotation ups were packed along with Oreo cookies and lead A ; j sandwiches with the highest quality premium white staff of life they thought money could purchase: Wonderbread. Some people with this upbringing left the place. became educated about nutrition and neer looked back but by and large work forces who live entirely continue to buy the white staff of life they grew up with. On the web site and the packaging of the staff of life they claim that it is the bread mothersÃ¢â¬â¢ choose to give their kids to maintain them happy. It is clear that this is strategically placed here to warrant to work forces that female parents approve of their purchase of it because no female parent in her right head really agrees that this is the staff of life to give to her kid and at the really least she will purchase the staff of life with concealed nutrition in it. Clearly bespeaking to us that female parents are decidedly non the marks. A adult male go outing the food market shop with white staff of life in his bag said. Ã¢â¬Å"If my married woman knew about this she would kill meÃ¢â¬ . 3. Target Market General Sweet Spots: * Americana* Nostalgia* Keeping things simple* General indulgence* Temporary absence of regulations* Bypassing of authorization* Childhood memories* Experiencing the forbidden ( the grass is greener on the other side ) * Humorous memes* Ã¢â¬Å"Guy timeÃ¢â¬ 4. Category Sweet Spots: * The comfort of acquaintance with white staff of life* The rebellion of basking out white staff of life* Tastes better so whole wheat* Pairs better with other nostalgic nutrients ( healthy or non ) * Not holding stale staff of life 5. The job:-Perceived as unhealthyÃ¢â¬â In the yesteryear. Wonder Bread has been accused of doing false wellness claims -Classic Wonder Bread typically costs more than private label rivals -Consumers know the trade name and bask eating it. nevertheless they merely donÃ¢â¬â¢t purchase any longer because there is no longer a topographic point in a motherÃ¢â¬â¢s kitchen for white staff of life. -Due to similarities between private label trade names and Wonder Bread Classic White. the sensed mark finally bases the determination on monetary value. Ã¢â¬â Rational benefits are irrelevant. as they will non alter the clients purchasing behaviour 6. The cardinal nonsubjective / Communication Objective:-To make Wonder Bread Classic white a tendency in indispensable place comfort nutrient buying amongst the mark group consumers -To turn white staff of life users who purchase private label to Wonder Bread Classic consumers -To change the conversation about Wonder Bread Classic white staff of life -To engage and honor our mark marketsÃ¢â¬â¢ bing love for Wonder Bread Classic. -To reassure that they are making the right thing -Increase trade name acknowledgment among the mark group 7. Campaign Promise-Its non a sandwich without Wonderbread Classic. 8. Trade names Main rival. its job and promise:Dempsters Stays Fresh White promises to be fresh until the last piece. Its jobs:-Dempsters is non perceived as merriment-They produce an inordinate sum of merchandise options and Dempsters StaysFresh White frequently gets lost in the jumble
Wednesday, April 22, 2020
Macro Environment Paper Our product and all of the other actors operate in a large macro environment of forces that shape opportunities and pose threats to the company is known as macro environment. Six largely uncountable external forces influence our products marketing activities. And also it influences decision making, and affect its performance and strategies. These factors include the economic, demographics, legal, political, and social conditions, technological changes, and natural forces Elements of Macro-Environment: Demographic Environment Demography is the study of human populations in terms of size, destiny, location, age, gender race, occupation and other statistics. The demographic environment is of major interest to marketers because it involves people. Economic Environment Marketers require buying power as well as people. The economic environment consists of factors that affect consumers purchasing power and spending power patterns. Marketers must pay close attention to major trends and consumers spending patterns. Natural Environment The natural environment involves the natural resources that are needed as inputs by marketers or they are affected by marketing activities. Environmental concerns have grown steadily during the past three decades. Marketers should be aware of several trends in the natural environment. Technological Environment The technological environment is perhaps the most dramatic forces now shopping own destiny. Technological environment involves forces that create new technologist creating new product and marketing opportunities. We will write a custom essay sample on Macro Environment specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Macro Environment specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Macro Environment specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Political Environment Marketing decisions are strongly affected by developments in the political environment. Political environment consists of laws, government agencies, government itself and pressure groups that influence or limits various organizations and individuals in a given society. Cultural Environment The cultural environment is made up of institutions and other forces that affect a society basic values, perceptions, preferences and behaviors. There are few cultural values which affect marketing decision making. These are persistence of cultural value, shifts in secondary cultural value, people views of organization and others. Environment factors that affect our green product Demographic effect: Population growth and age structure. Changes in demand patterns of products. I. Family structure changing. Changing households patterns. Time, Increasing dual income families. Part-time jobs and business. More education People are thinking of saving Multiple tasks at one time. Knowledgeable people are tending to use more inconvenience and useful things. Economic effects: Law product exports growth price of GNP service opportunities Social and cultural effects: Social organization such as family, school, temple and culture of the society heap, beliefs, norms, values, and behavior of people should take into an account before the launching of our product. Majority of people are influenced by their culture. Therefore when we trying to satisfy customer needs have to consider these factors and objectives should match with them. Technological effects: Obsolete therefore Products features to date. Durable Efficient Effective Political legal effects: Business regulations should be up influence and limit the behavior of Rules individuals and organization. Government Policies Laws Governments bodies Pressure groups Cowan is a green product Law tax rate Public acceptance Easier to launch Emphasis on ethics social responsibility Natural effects: Natural environment: Impending of storage of raw material Increased cost of energy Increased levels of pollution Government intervention in natural resources management Cowan is a green concept which provides energy saving system and lightning system without any capital expenditure. This encourages deployment of energy -? efficient products. And also it is a disposable product.
Monday, March 16, 2020
The History of 7UP and Charles Leiper Grigg Charles Leiper Grigg was born in 1868 in Prices Branch, Missouri. As an adult, Grigg moved to St. Louis and started working in advertising and sales, where he was introduced to the carbonated beverage business. How Charles Leiper Grigg Developed 7UP By 1919, Grigg was working for a manufacturing company owned by Vess Jones. It was there that Grigg invented and marketed his first soft drink, an orange-flavored drink called Whistle for a firm owned by Vess Jones. After a dispute with management, Charles Leiper Grigg quit his job (giving away Whistle) and started working for the Ã¢â¬â¹Warner Jenkinson Company, developing flavoring agents for soft drinks. Grigg then invented his second soft drink called Howdy. When he eventually moved on from Ã¢â¬â¹Warner Jenkinson Co., he took his soft drink Howdy with him. Together with financier Edmund G. Ridgway, Grigg went on to form the Howdy Company. So far, Grigg had invented two orange-flavored soft drinks. But his soft drinks struggled against the king of all orange pop drinks, Orange Crush. But he couldnt competeÃ as Orange Crush grew to dominate the market for orange sodas. Charles Leiper Grigg decided to focus on lemon-lime flavors. By October of 1929, he had invented a new drink called, Bib-Label Lithiated Lemon-Lime Sodas.Ã The name was quickly changed to 7Up Lithiated Lemon Soda and then again changed to just plain 7Up in 1936. Grigg died in 1940 at the age of 71 in St. Louis, Missouri, survived by his wife, Lucy E. Alexander Grigg. Lithium in 7UP The original formulation contained lithium citrate, which was used in various patent medicines at the times for improving moods. It has been used for many decades to treat manic-depression. It was popular to go to lithium-containing springs such as Lithia Springs, Georgia or Ashland, Oregon for this effect. Lithium is one of the elements with an atomic number of seven, which some have proposed as a theory for why 7UP has its name.Ã Grigg never explained the name, but he did promote 7UP as having effects on mood. Because it debuted at the time of the stock market crash of 1929 and the onset of the Great Depression, this was a selling point. The reference to lithia remained in the name until 1936.Ã Lithium citrate was removed from 7UP in 1948 when the government banned its use in soft drinks. Other problematic ingredients included calcium disodium EDTA which was removed in 2006, and at that time potassium citrate replaced sodium citrate to lower the sodium content. The company website notes that it contains no fruit juice. 7UP Goes on Westinghouse took over 7UP in 1969. It then was sold to Philip Morris in 1978, a marriage of soft drinks and tobacco. The investment firm Hicks Haas bought it in 1986. 7UP merged with Dr. PepperÃ in 1988. Now a combined company, it was bought by Cadbury Schweppes in 1995, a more likely marriage of chocolates and soft drinks. That company spun off the Dr. Pepper Snapple Group in 2008.
Saturday, February 29, 2020
The Shakespearean dystopia of Aldous Huxley ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s works revel as masterpieces centuries after their debut, influencing generations of writers including 20th century author Aldous Huxley. HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s 1932 novel, Brave New World, stands as a distinct reincarnation of ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s The Tempest, fusing a disturbing reality of a dystopian future with the key aspects of a classical Shakespearian piece. Ira Grushow highlights the similarities of these two pieces to determine HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s question between innovation and emotion. Grushow reveals astounding evidence that links HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Brave New World to ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s The Tempest by acknowledging the characteristics of ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s piece and how they overlay HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s critique on society and human values. HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s novel, at its core, comes across as a reincarnation of The Tempest. Grushow exposes this by drawing comparisons between characters in both pieces. The article specifies how Bernard compares to Caliban as a Ã¢â¬Å"deformed monster and unwilling slave of Prospero,Ã¢â¬ (Grushow 43). Huxley intentionally made Bernard Ã¢â¬Å"eight centimetres short of the standard Alpha height,Ã¢â¬ and points it out continuously as a deformity (Huxley 64). Additionally, Huxley displays Mustapha Mond as Ã¢â¬Å"a fatherÃ¢â¬ ¦toÃ¢â¬ ¦ all under his careÃ¢â¬ (Grushow 44). A direct connection to Prospero, the father and controller in ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s piece, Huxley demonstrates deeper insight into the traits of ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Prospero through Mond. Mond meets a different end then Prospero which allows Huxley to explore a new perspective while still keeping constant the main character traits. Even the characterÃ¢â¬â¢s actions mirror the play as near the end Bernard Ã¢â¬Å"j umped up, ran across the room, and stood gesticulating in front of the Controller,Ã¢â¬ (Huxley 226). In surrender toward Mond, as a slave would to a master, Bernard proves to be a recreation of Caliban. The comparison of the two works enlighten new perspectives on old characters. GrushowÃ¢â¬â¢s article outlines HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s critique on society through HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s use of Shakespeare. ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s work symbolizes classical literature and art in our society, it remains relevant because it resonates with reader. In HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s world, connection and art mean nothing, everything ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s work epitomizes results in misery in the World State. Huxley writes, Ã¢â¬Å"Making ninety-six human beings grow where only one grew before. Progress,Ã¢â¬ (Huxley 6). Blunt and effective, he glorifies progress and happiness whereas Shakespeare idealized passion. This shows the Ã¢â¬Å"full measure of the difference between ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s vision of an ideal world and HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬ (Grushow 43). The Ã¢â¬Å"ideal worldÃ¢â¬ that Huxley portrays is convincing, nevertheless. Innovation and progress bring the promise of happiness in contrast to the tragedies many of ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s heroes met. Huxley is arguing that society may be b etter off abandoning the arts, that Ã¢â¬Å"community, identity, stability,Ã¢â¬ and progress champion as the key aspects to an ideal world (Huxley 3). Even with the underlying darkness and horror that Brave New World displays, HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s rhetoric succeeds in portraying a perfect world and vilifying the values Shakespeare represented. HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s intentional comparisons to The Tempest help readers understand the disparity between passion and happiness and how both cannot coexist. By the end of the novel Huxley leaves his readers a dilemma with the things we value including art, emotion, and purpose. He argues that our morals and ideals counteract our nature as human beings. As Grushow states, Ã¢â¬Å"is his [JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s] code of morality any less obsoleteÃ¢â¬ ¦ in our new world than it is in the Brave New World?Ã¢â¬ John, who roughly represented modern society in contrast to the advanced World State, was the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s connection into HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s world. Disgusted and horrified from the first page, reader sympathized easily with John and thought him honorable because he portrayed values we glorify including chastity, sacrifice to higher beings, and self-denial. However, by the end, readers recoiled from John whipping himself and denying himself even small pleasures like making a bow. Huxley describes Ã¢â¬Å"he shouted at every blow as though it were LeninaÃ¢â¬ (Huxley 252). John thinks of punishing Lenina, and, in the frenzy, sees her, becomes delusional from soma, and sleeps with her. It becomes apparent that passions and values that the reader supports cannot exist in the happy civilized world Huxley created. John, succumbing to sleeping with Lenina and killing himself in shame exemplifies the death of our ideals. Along with Shakespeare and our advancement in science, Huxley binds together the past and present to create an ideal future that disposes of the values of society. Huxley reincarnates ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s characters from The Tempest and steers them into a new world, an ideal world that mirrors our own, as proven by Grushow. By constantly alluding to Shakespeare, Huxley connects a past filled with morality and values to his future of apathy and progress. Huxley presents to us a warning, that if our society progresses toward a brave new world as Huxley sees it, it will sacrifice our beliefs for the promise of happiness. This caution of the future lets readers stop and question as they successfully feel the effect of HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s message. Works cited Grushow, Ira. Ã¢â¬Å"Brave New World and The Tempest.Ã¢â¬ College English, vol. 24, no. 1, 1962, pp. 42Ã¢â¬â45. www.jstor.org/stable/373846. Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. New York: Harper Bros., 1946. Print.
Thursday, February 13, 2020
John McCain - Essay Example Citizens traditionally invest their trust in leaders whom they perceive representing society's ethical principles. Without ethos, leaders have little chance of uniting society for the advancement of their causes. The ideal leader is able to persuade his constituents with both logically and emotionally appealing arguments. For this reason, logos and pathos are critical components of a successful leader's character. While good leaders might excel in either ethos, pathos or logos, truly great leaders incorporate all of these aspects into their characters. Both Pericles and John McCain are able to do this by continuously seeking to mitigate their shortcomings while developing their attributes. Both are known for having lived their lives according to the principles they espouse, giving them much credibility. McCain displays superior ethos when referring to the war in Iraq because he has the military experience to back up his words. While other candidates may pay lip service to the same matters, McCain has an educated opinion derived from twenty-two years in the military. McCain, like Pericles, displays his superior ethics through both his convictions and his actions. Pericles firmly believed that rights and privileges entail responsibilities and obligations. McCain draws similar conclusions, championing individual responsibility at all levels. "For all the grandiose promises made in this campaign, has any candidate spoken honestly to the American people about the government's role and failings about individual responsibilities" he said. (McCain on CNN, 2007) McCain believes that the government has a responsibility to the people, but in turn the people have a duty to participate in the politics and defense of their country. As McCain said during a 1958 speech at the U.S. Naval Academy, "If you find faults with our country, make it a better one. If you are disappointed with the mistakes of government, join its ranks and work to correct them." Indeed, political participation and service to state and society are the responsibility and obligation of every American citizen (Dinan, 2008). Pericles was known throughout the ancient Greek city-states for the emotional strength of his arguments. Pericles motivated the Athenians during the Peloponnesian War in a similar way to how McCain inspires Americans during the troubled times of today. McCain realizes that logical arguments based upon facts, figures and reasons are not enough to move society. Thus, he makes extensive use of emotionally appealing arguments, demonstrating his impeccable pathos. While advocating the benefits of national service programs, McCain keeps data out of the picture. Rather, he utilizes sentimental yet strong verbiage to illustrate his points, such as "those who claim their liberty but not their duty to the civilization that ensures it live a half-life, indulging their self-interest at the cost of their self-respect. Sacrifice for a cause greater than self-interest, however, and you invest your life with the eminence of that cause (McCain, 2001)." I look to a great leader for inspiration and motivation. This great leader must necessarily match Pericles' embodiment of ethos, logos and pathos. McCain's ethical convictions and credibility; logical and reasoning ability; and emotionally appealing arguments, make him a modern day Pericles and I admire him for